Drug resistance makes treatment difficult in cancers. The present study identifies and analyzes drug resistance-related miRNA in colorectal cancer. We established 4 types of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-resistant colon cancer cell lines in vitro and in vivo. We then analyzed the miRNA expression profile by miRNA array in these 4 cell lines, and identified the drug resistance-related miRNAs. We examined the expression levels of the identified miRNA in 112 colorectal tumor samples from the patients. We identified 12 possible miRNAs involved in 5-FU resistance by miRNA arrays. We then examined the relationship between miR-31, which was the most promising among them, and drug resistance. The ectopic expression of mimic miR-31 showed significant 5-FU resistance in the parental DLD-1 cells, while anti–miR-31 caused significant growth inhibition in DLD/F cells; that is, 5-FU-resistant colon cancer cell line DLD-1 under exposure to 5-FU. When we exposed high doses of 5-FU to parent or 5-FU-resistant cells, the expression levels of miR-31 were raised higher than those of controls. Notably, the expression levels of miR-31 were positively correlated with the grade of clinical stages of colorectal tumors. The protein expression levels of factors inhibiting hypoxia-inducible factor 1 were downregulated by transfection of mimic miR-31 into DLD-1 cells. This study provides evidence supporting the association of miR-31 with 5-FU drug resistance and clinical stages of colorectal tumors.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes