The effect of a new quinolone, T-3761, on the pharmacokinetics and metabolism of theophylline was investigated with rats. T-3761 at a high dose (20 mg/kg of body weight) was injected intravenously 10 min before an intravenous administration of theophylline (10 mg/kg). The presence of T- 3761 slightly delayed the disappearance of theophylline from plasma. Parameters related to the pharmacokinetic interaction between theophylline and T-3761 were estimated by noncompartmental methods. A significant decrease (approximately 25%) in the systemic clearance of theophylline was observed in the presence of T-3761. However, no significant changes between the control group and the T-3761-treated groups in the volume of distribution at a steady state were observed. Pretreatment with T-3761 increased the urinary excretion of unchanged theophylline (by approximately 25%) and decreased the nonrenal clearances (by approximately 30%), indicating that T-3761 inhibits the metabolism of theophylline. These findings suggest that T-3761 at the dose used in this study affects the pharmacokinetics and metabolism of theophylline.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmacology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases