The effects of nicardipine 1 mg bolus injection under enflurane anesthesia were compared with those under isoflurane anesthesia. Twelve neurosurgical patients were divided into 2 groups, enflurane group (n = 6) and isoflurane group (n = 6). In all patients anesthesia was induced with midazolam, thiamylal, fentanyl and vecuronium. Anesthesia was maintained with fentanyl, nitrous oxide, pancuronium plus enflurane (enflurane group) or plus isoflurane (isoflurane group). After incision of dura mater, nicardipine 1 mg was given through forearm venous line. For about 30 minutes before and after nicardipine injection, concentration of inhalational anesthetics was kept constant and no drugs were given. Blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), rate pressure product (RPP), and serum concentrations of catecholamine and nicardipine were monitored for 30 minutes after nicardipine injection. In isoflurane group, BP decreased more and longer, and increases of HR and serum concentration of catecholamine continued longer compared with enflurane group. Elimination half life of nicardipine was shorter, area under the curve (AUC) was smaller and clearance of nicardipine was larger in isoflurane group than in enflurane group. It was concluded that isoflurane increased the effects of nicardipine, which were BP depression and reflex sympathetic stimulation, than enflurane and that metabolism and elimination of nicardipine were accelerated more by isoflurane than by enflurane.
|ジャーナル||Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology|
|出版ステータス||Published - 01-01-1992|
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