Pancreatic injury is considered an organ-related complication in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). However, it is unclear whether COVID-19 status affects pancreatic injury. This retrospective study aimed to determine whether COVID-19 affects the occurrence of pancreatic injuries. Consecutive patients diagnosed with sepsis admitted to the ICU between March 2020 and September 2021 were included. The primary endpoint was a pancreatic injury, which was defined as amylase or lipase levels > 3 times the upper limit of the normal range. Among the 177 patients included in the analysis, 40 (23%) were COVID-19 patients, and 54 (31%) had pancreatic injuries. Of these three patients, acute pancreatitis was diagnosed based on computed tomography. The pancreatic injury was significantly more common among COVID-19 patients (75 vs. 18%, p < 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that COVID-19 and steroid use were independent risk factors for pancreatic injury (Odds Ratio (OR) 4.79 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.48–15.5], p = 0.009; OR 4.02 [95% CI 1.42–11.4], p = 0.009). This study revealed that the proportion of pancreatic injury in septic patients with COVID-19 was significantly higher than in those without COVID-19. It may be difficult to diagnose pancreatitis based on amylase and lipase levels in COVID-19 patients.
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