Endocytosis after insulin secretion plays a pivotal role in the regulation of insulin secretion in pancreatic β-cells. Our recent study suggested that EPI64, a GTPase activating protein for Rab27a, contributes to the regulation of glucose-induced endocytosis, which is mediated by the GDP-bound form of Rab27a. Here, we identified insulin receptor-related receptor (IRR) as an EPI64-interacting protein. Knockdown of IRR inhibited glucose-induced uptake of transferrin, a marker of endocytosis, translocation of the guanine-nucleotide-exchange factor ARNO to the plasma membrane, and generation of phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PIP3). These results suggest that IRR functions upstream of PIP3 generation and controls endocytosis after insulin secretion.
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