Ischemic Event and Risk Factors of Embolic Stroke in Atherosclerotic Cerebral Aneurysm Patients Treated with a New Clipping Technique

Ittichai Sakarunchai, Yoko Kato, Yasuhiro Yamada, Joji Inamasu

研究成果: Article査読

8 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Background We would like to know the exact rate of ischemic event and the risk factors associated with embolic stroke by treatment of atherosclerotic cerebral aneurysm with a new technique. Methods This is a retrospective cohort study in patients diagnosed as unruptured atherosclerotic cerebral aneurysm who underwent microsurgical clipping between January 2012 and August 2014. All intraoperative video recordings were reviewed and chosen in patients who were identified as atherosclerotic lesion on the dome, neck, or parent artery of the aneurysm. The demographic, radiographic, operative, and postoperative data were collected. The primary end point was the incidence of cerebral infarction and the neurologic outcomes using the discharge modified Rankin Scale (MRS) score at postoperation time. A statistical analysis of the factors associated with embolic stroke was done by Fisher exact and Wilcoxon rank-sum tests. The individual surgical technique was demonstrated as an illustration for use as a guide. Results Among 103 atherosclerotic cerebral aneurysms, only 3 patients (2.9%) were associated with postoperative cerebral infarction and 1 of them had permanent neurologic deficit. A good MRS score (0-2) was found in 99% of patients and only 1% had a fair MRS score (3-4). A factor associated with ischemic outcome was duration of operation (P =.046). The differences in the atherosclerotic location showed no statistical significance. Conclusions We found a very low incidence of embolic infarction after clipping of an atherosclerotic cerebral aneurysm with our new technique. Only duration of the operation time was a dependent risk factor for embolic infarction.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)2497-2507
ページ数11
ジャーナルJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
24
11
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 11-2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 外科
  • リハビリテーション
  • 臨床神経学
  • 循環器および心血管医学

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