A lectin recognizing both Galβ1-3GlcNAc and Galβ1-4GlcNAc was purified from the demosponge Halichondria okadai by lactosyl-agarose affinity chromatography. The molecular mass of the lectin was determined to be 30 kDa by SDS-PAGE under reducing and non-reducing conditions and 60 kDa by gel permeation chromatography. The pI value of the lectin was 6.7. It was found to agglutinate trypsinized and glutaraldehyde-fixed rabbit and human erythrocytes in the presence and absence of divalent cations. The hemagglutinating activity by the lectin was inhibited by d-galactose, methyl-d-galactopyranoside, N-acetyl-d-galactosamine, methyl-N-acetyl-d-galactosaminide, lactose, melibiose, and asialofetuin. The Kd of the lectin against p-nitrophenyl-β-lactoside was determined to be 2.76 × 10- 5 M and its glycan-binding profile given by frontal affinity chromatography was shown to be similar to many other known galectins. Partial primary structure analysis of 7 peptides by cleavage with lysyl endopeptidase indicated that one of the peptides showed significant similarity with galectin purified from the sponge Geodia cydonium.
|ジャーナル||Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - B Biochemistry and Molecular Biology|
|出版ステータス||Published - 08-2008|
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