Background The simultaneous transplantation of pancreas and kidney from live donors is performed in select countries. One of the reasons for this reduced applicability is the invasiveness of the donor operation. We propose the method of laparoscopic-assisted operation to be performed on live donors with minimal invasion. Method The donor was placed in the right lateral decubitus position. A 7-cm upper midline incision was made, and a handport was installed in addition to two or three 12-mm ports. After the removal of the left kidney graft, the spleen and the distal part of the pancreas were completely mobilized. The splenic vein and artery were identified and mobilized. The donor was then rotated to a supine position. Dissection of the pancreatic parenchyma using ultrasound shears and ligation of the splenic vessels were performed through midline incision under direct vision. The distal part of the pancreas and the spleen were extracted. Results Since December 2007, 3 donors have undergone this operation. In all 3 cases, the postoperative course was uneventful, and both the renal and pancreatic grafts functioned well. Conclusion This technique is minimally invasive and safe, and may become the standard method of live donor operation for simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation.
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