A totally implantable centrifugal artificial heart has been developed. The plastic prototype, the Gyro PI 601, passed 2 day hemodynamic tests as a functional total artificial heart (TAH), 2 week screening tests for antithrombogenecity, and a 1 month system feasibility study. Based upon these results, a metallic prototype, the Gyro PI 700 series, was subjected to long- term in vivo left ventricular assist device (LVAD) studies of over 1 month. The Gyro PI 700 series has the same inner dimension and same characteristics of the Gyro PI 601 such as an eccentric inlet port, a double pivot bearing system, and a magnet coupling system. The PI metallic pump is also driven with the Vienna DC brushless motor actuator like the PI 601. The pump- actuator package was implanted in 3 calves in the preperitoneal space, bypassing from the left ventricular (LV) apex to the descending aorta. Case 1 achieved a 284 day survival. Case 2 was euthanized early at 72 postoperative days as a result of the functional obstruction of the inlet port due to the excessive growth of the calf. There was no blood clot inside the pumps of either case. Case 3 is on-going (22 days on July 24, 1998). During these periods, all cases showed no physiological abnormalities. In conclusion, the PI 700 series pump has excellent results as a long-term implantable LVAD.
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