Meflin-positive cancer-associated fibroblasts enhance tumor response to immune checkpoint blockade

Yuki Miyai, Daisuke Sugiyama, Tetsunari Hase, Naoya Asai, Tetsuro Taki, Kazuki Nishida, Takayuki Fukui, Toyofumi Fengshi Chen-Yoshikawa, Hiroki Kobayashi, Shinji Mii, Yukihiro Shiraki, Yoshinori Hasegawa, Hiroyoshi Nishikawa, Yuichi Ando, Masahide Takahashi, Atsushi Enomoto

研究成果: Article査読

4 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are an integral component of the tumor microenvironment (TME). Most CAFs shape the TME toward an immunosuppressive milieu and attenuate the efficacy of immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) therapy. However, the detailed mechanism of how heterogeneous CAFs regulate tumor response to ICB therapy has not been defined. Here, we show that a recently defined CAF subset characterized by the expression of Meflin, a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored protein marker of mesenchymal stromal/stem cells, is associated with survival and favorable therapeutic response to ICB monotherapy in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The prevalence of Meflin-positive CAFs was positively correlated with CD4-positive T-cell infiltration and vascularization within non-small cell lung cancer tumors. Meflin deficiency and CAF-specific Meflin overexpression resulted in defective and enhanced ICB therapy responses in syngeneic tumors in mice, respectively. These findings suggest the presence of a CAF subset that promotes ICB therapy efficacy, which adds to our understanding of CAF functions and heterogeneity.

本文言語English
論文番号e202101230
ジャーナルLife Science Alliance
5
6
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 06-2022
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 生態学
  • 生化学、遺伝学、分子生物学(その他)
  • 植物科学
  • 健康、毒物学および変異誘発

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