MCH was originally discovered as a cyclic neuropeptide in the chum salmon pituitary. MCH is secreted from the pituitary into the circulation, and is responsible for aggregating melanin granules in teleost fish. Mammalian MCH was subsequently identified in the rat hypothalamus. MCH is highly expressed in the lateral hypothalamus and zona incerta in rodents, both of which have extensive projections throughout the brain. Acute intracerebroventricular injections of MCH transiently stimulate food intake in rats while chronic infusion of MCH significantly increases food intake, body weight, and white adipose tissue mass in mice fed a moderately high-fat diet ad libitum. The recording and manipulation of MCH neuronal activity in behaving animals further support the physiological significance of MCH in regulating feeding, sleep, and memory. Current evidence also shows that MCH receptor antagonists are efficacious in animal models of depression, anxiety, sleep disturbance, and reward.
|ホスト出版物のタイトル||Handbook of Hormones|
|ホスト出版物のサブタイトル||Comparative Endocrinology for Basic and Clinical Research|
|出版ステータス||Published - 01-01-2021|
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