Meta-analysis of direct and indirect comparison of ticagrelor and prasugrel effects on platelet reactivity

Thibault Lhermusier, Michael J. Lipinski, Udaya S. Tantry, Ricardo O. Escarcega, Nevin Baker, Kevin P. Bliden, Marco A. Magalhaes, Hideaki Ota, Wenjie Tian, Lakshmana Pendyala, Saar Minha, Fang Chen, Rebecca Torguson, Paul A. Gurbel, Ron Waksman

研究成果: Article査読

28 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Studies have linked on-treatment platelet reactivity (PR) to adverse clinical outcomes. Because new P2Y12 inhibitors (prasugrel and ticagrelor) have been predominantly tested against clopidogrel, data on pharmacodynamic comparisons between these 2 drugs are scarce. We compared ticagrelor with prasugrel in a network meta-analysis. PubMed, Cochrane, and EMBASE were searched for studies assessing PR in patients with coronary artery disease treated with ticagrelor or prasugrel. All studies using prasugrel and/or ticagrelor providing platelet function measurement data using VerifyNow P2Y12 reaction units (PRUs), platelet reactivity index (PRI) vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein phosphorylation, or maximal platelet aggregation (MPA) by light transmission aggregometry were considered eligible. Mixed treatment comparison models directly compared ticagrelor and prasugrel and indirectly compared them using clopidogrel as a comparator with data presented as mean difference (95% confidence interval). Data were extracted from 29 studies, including 5,395 patients. Compared with clopidogrel 75 mg, both prasugrel 10 mg and ticagrelor 90 mg twice daily were associated with lower PRU (mean difference -117 [-134.1, -100.5] and -159.7 [-182.6, -136.6], respectively), a lower PRI (-24.2 [-28.2, -20.3] and -33.6 [-39.9, -27.6], respectively), and lower MPA (-11.8 [-17, -6.3] and -20.7 [-28.5, -12.8], respectively). Similar results were obtained with clopidogrel 150 mg. Ticagrelor 90 mg twice daily was associated with lower PRU (-42.5 [-62.9, -21.9]), lower PRI (-9.3 [-15.6, -3.5]), and lower MPA (-8.9 [-16.4, -1.2]) compared with prasugrel 10 mg. In conclusion, our meta-analysis suggests that ticagrelor achieved significantly lower on-treatment PR compared with prasugrel, with both being superior to clopidogrel standard or high dose.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)716-723
ページ数8
ジャーナルAmerican Journal of Cardiology
115
6
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 15-03-2015
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 循環器および心血管医学

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