We examined the metabolic effects of glibenclamide, a potent second-generation sulfonylurea, in isolated rat hepatocytes incubated in the absence of extracellular Ca2+. We first demonstrated in the present study that glibenclamide caused a significant increase in basal glucose release and lactate production without any modification of intracellular Ca2+ concentration or cAMP levels in isolated rat hepatocytes. Furthermore, glibenclamide inhibited the noradrenaline-induced increase in cAMP accumulation, while activation of glycogenolysis by noradrenaline was not suppressed by this agent. Our data indicate that glibenclamide exerts its metabolic effects independent of intracellular Ca2+ mobilization and cAMP accumulation.
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