Metabolic profiles of saliva in male mouse models of chronic sleep disorders induced by psychophysiological stress

Katsutaka Oishi, Yuhei Yajima, Yuta Yoshida, Hideo Hagihara, Tsuyoshi Miyakawa, Sayaka Higo-Yamamoto, Atsushi Toyoda

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術論文査読

1 被引用数 (Scopus)


Disordered sleep is a global social problem and an established significant risk factor for psychological and metabolic diseases. We profiled non-targeted metabolites in saliva from mouse models of chronic sleep disorder (CSD). We identified 288 and 55 metabolites using CE-FTMS and LC-TOFMS, respectively, among which concentrations of 58 (CE-FTMS) and three (LC-TOFMS) were significantly changed by CSD. Pathway analysis revealed that CSD significantly suppressed glycine, serine and threonine metabolism. Arginine and proline metabolic pathways were among those that were both upregulated and downregulated. Pathways of alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism, genetic information processing, and the TCA cycle tended to be downregulated, whereas histidine metabolism tended to be upregulated in mice with CSD. Pyruvate, lactate, malate, succinate and the glycemic amino acids alanine, glycine, methionine, proline, and threonine were significantly decreased, whereas 3-hydroxybutyric and 2-hydroxybutyric acids associated with ketosis were significantly increased, suggesting abnormal glucose metabolism in mice with CSD. Increases in the metabolites histamine and kynurenic acid that are associated with the central nervous system- and decreased glycine, might be associated with sleep dysregulation and impaired cognitive dysfunction in mice with CSD. Our findings suggested that profiling salivary metabolites could be a useful strategy for diagnosing CSD.

ジャーナルScientific reports
出版ステータス出版済み - 12-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 一般


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