Migration and perigraft leakage are major problems after endovascular stent graft (EVG) by means of median sternotomy for distal aortic arch aneurysm. Anchoring sutures have been applied to prevent these problems. We evaluate the mid-term results and the efficacy of anchoring sutures. The operation was performed on 19 men and 2 women with a mean age of 70 years (range, 59-81). The aneurysms were 19 true (12 fusiform, 7 saccular), 1 chronic dissection, and 1 penetrating aortic ulcer. EGVs were implanted by way of the aortic arch under retrograde cerebral perfusion in 13 patients and selective cerebral perfusion in 8. Total arch replacement was performed in 2 patients, and aortocoronary bypass grafting in 4. Anchoring sutures to fix the EVG were applied in 9 patients. The average follow-up period was 28 months (range, 2-56). There were no operative mortalities, but 1 paraplegia, 1 stroke, and 2 cases of temporary spinal cord dysfunction occurred. All aneurysms were thrombosed completely after surgery and reduced in diameter (66.9 ± 17.4 mm to 57.3 ± 15.7 mm, p < 0.0001). EVG-related complications arose in 4 patients. A chronic Type B dissection revealed impending rupture because of false lumen infection 1 year after operation, and redo surgery was performed. Migration occurred in 3 patients, all with fusiform aneurysms. One of these had a graft kink 1 year later. Another showed aneurysm enlargement with serous pleural effusion 3 years after operation. The third required redo surgery because of perigraft leakage at 3 years after surgery. There were 2 late deaths caused by stroke. There were no EVG-related complications in the 9 cases in which anchoring sutures were applied and in the 7 cases with saccular aneurysms. No spinal cord dysfunction occurred in 8 cases with low-flow antegrade perfusion by way of both axillary arteries while the aorta was opened. Logistic regression analysis showed significant relevance to complications of large aneurysms, greater than 80 mm in diameter. A large aneurysm tends to give rise to complications involving EVG migration. Anchoring sutures of EVG may prevent EVG-related complications.
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