MiR-195/497 induce postnatal quiescence of skeletal muscle stem cells

Takahiko Sato, Takuya Yamamoto, Atsuko Sehara-Fujisawa

研究成果: Article査読

59 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Skeletal muscle stem cells (MuSCs), the major source for skeletal muscle regeneration in vertebrates, are in a state of cell cycle arrest in adult skeletal muscles. Prior evidence suggests that embryonic muscle progenitors proliferate and differentiate to form myofibres and also self-renew, implying that MuSCs, derived from these cells, acquire quiescence later during development. Depletion of Dicer in adult MuSCs promoted their exit from quiescence, suggesting microRNAs are involved in the maintenance of quiescence. Here we identified miR-195 and miR-497 that induce cell cycle arrest by targeting cell cycle genes, Cdc25 and Ccnd. Reduced expression of MyoD in juvenile MuSCs, as a result of overexpressed miR-195/497 or attenuated Cdc25/Ccnd, revealed an intimate link between quiescence and suppression of myogenesis in MuSCs. Transplantation of cultured MuSCs treated with miR-195/497 contributed more efficiently to regenerating muscles of dystrophin-deficient mice, indicating the potential utility of miR-195/497 for stem cell therapies.

本文言語English
論文番号4597
ジャーナルNature communications
5
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 14-08-2014
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 化学 (全般)
  • 生化学、遺伝学、分子生物学(全般)
  • 物理学および天文学(全般)

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