Modified Drug-Susceptibility Testing and Screening Culture Agar for Colistin-Susceptible Enterobacteriaceae Isolates Harboring a Mobilized Colistin Resistance Gene mcr-9

Pegah Kananizadeh, Tatsuya Tada, Satoshi Oshiro, Tomomi Hishinuma, Mari Tohya, Yuki Uehara, Yumi Kumagai, Isao Nagaoka, Kanako Nishi, Masahito Hashimoto, Shin Watanabe, Teruo Kirikae

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術論文査読

3 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Three isolates of the Enterobacter cloacae complex harboring mcr-9, a member of the colistin resistance mcr gene family encoded on plasmids, were susceptible to colistin, with MICs of 0.125 to 0.5 μg/mL in standard broth microdilution (BMD) tests using cation-adjusted Mueller-Hinton broth (CA-MHB) in accordance with European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing guidelines. In contrast, their MICs for colistin were significantly higher (4 to 128 μg/mL) when BMD tests were performed using brain-heart infusion (BHI) medium, Luria-Bertani (LB) broth, tryptic soy broth (TSB), or CA-MHB supplemented with casein, tryptonen or peptone. Colistin significantly induced mcr-9 expression in a dose-dependent manner when these mcr-9-positive isolates were cultured in BHI or CA-MHB supplemented with peptone/casein. Pretreatment of mcr-9-positive isolates and Escherichia coli DH5α harboring mcr-9 with colistin significantly increased their survival rates against LL-37, a human antimicrobial peptide. Electrospray ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry analysis showed that a lipid A moiety of lipopolysaccharide was partially modified by phosphoethanolamine in E. coli DH5α harboring mcr-9 when treated with colistin. Of 93 clinical isolates of Enterobacteriaceae, only the mcr-9-positive isolates showed MICs to colistin that were at least 32 times higher in BHI than in CA-MHB. These mcr-9-positive isolates grew on a modified BHI agar, MCR9-JU, containing 3 μg/mL colistin. These results suggest that the BMD method using BHI is useful when performed together with the BMD method using CA-MHB to detect mcr-9-positive isolates and that MCR9-JU agar is useful in screening for Enterobacteriaceae isolates harboring mcr-9 and other colistin-resistant isolates.

本文言語英語
ジャーナルJournal of clinical microbiology
60
12
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 12-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 微生物学(医療)

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