In the present study, we examined morphology and function of hippocampus in the APC1638T/1638T mouse. Expression levels of the APC mRNA and protein were both identical in the hippocampus of the APC+/+ and APC1638T/1638T mice. The dentate gyrus of the APC1638T/1638T hippocampus was thicker, and has more densely-populated granule cells in the APC1638T/1638T mouse hippocampus. Immunoelectron microscopy revealed co-localization of APC with alpha-amino-3- hydroxy-5-methyl- isoxazole-4-propionate receptor (AMPA-R) and with PSD-95 at post-synapse in the APC+/+ hippocampus, while APC1638T was co-localized with neither AMPA-R nor PSD-95 in the APC1638T/1638T hippocampus. By immunoprecipitation assay, full-length APC expressed in the APC+/+ mouse was co-immunoprecipitated with AMPA-R and PSD-95. In contrast, APC1638T expressed in the APC1638T/1638T mouse was not co-immunoprecipitated with AMPA-R and PSD-95. In the hippocampal CA1 region of the APC1638T/1638T mouse, c-Fos expression after electric foot shock was decreased compared with the APC+/+ mouse. The present study showed some abnormalities on morphology of the hippocampus caused by a truncated APC (APC1638T). Also, our findings suggest that failure in APC binding to AMPA-R and PSD-95 may bring about less activities of hippocampal neurons in the APC1638T/1638T mouse.
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