The relationship between morphological changes in Pseudomonas aeruginosa following antibiotic treatment of experimental infection in mice, susceptibility to phagocytosis, and release of endotoxin was studied. The intraperitoneal administration of P. aeruginosa with imipenem or ceftazidime into mice induced morphological changes in the cells 2 h after injection. Round P. aeruginosa cells with imipenem treatment became susceptible to phagocytosis by peritoneal cells, whereas long filamentous cells with ceftazidime treatment were hardly phagocytized by peritoneal cells. The morphological changes also affected the plasma endotoxin level in the circulation.
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