Nationwide prospective registry database of patients with newly diagnosed untreated pleural mesothelioma in Japan

Seiki Hasegawa, Yasushi Shintani, Teruhisa Takuwa, Keisuke Aoe, Katsuya Kato, Nobukazu Fujimoto, Yasuhiro Hida, Masahiro Morise, Yasumitsu Moriya, Takao Morohoshi, Hidemi Suzuki, Masayuki Chida, Shunsuke Endo, Mitsutaka Kadokura, Meinoshin Okumura, Satoshi Hattori, Hiroshi Date, Ichiro Yoshino

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術論文査読

抄録

Due to the scarcity of large-sized prospective databases, the Japanese Joint Committee for Lung Cancer Registry conducted a nationwide prospective registry for newly diagnosed and untreated pleural mesothelioma. All new cases diagnosed pathologically as any subtype of pleural mesothelioma in Japan during the period between April 1, 2017, to March 31, 2019, were included before treatment. Data on survival were collected in April 2021. The eligible 346 patients (285 men [82.3%]; 61 women [17.7%]; median age, 71.0 years [range, 44–88]) were included for analysis. Among these patients, 138 (39.9%) underwent surgery, 164 (47.4%) underwent non-surgical therapy, and the remaining 44 (12.7%) underwent best supportive care. The median overall survival for all 346 patients was 19.0 months. Survival rates at 1, 2, and 3 years for all patients were, 62.8%, 42.3%, and 26.5%, respectively. Median overall survival was significantly different among patients undergoing surgery, non-surgical treatment, and best supportive care (32.2 months vs. 14.0 months vs. 3.8 months, p < 0.001). The median overall survival of patients undergoing pleurectomy/decortication and extrapleural pneumonectomy was 41.8 months and 25.0 months, respectively. Macroscopic complete resection resulted in longer overall survival than R2 resection and partial pleurectomy/exploratory thoracotomy (41.8 months vs. 32.2 months vs. 16.8 months, p < 0.001). Tumor shape, maximum tumor thickness, and sum of three level thickness were significant prognostic factors. The data in the prospective database would serve as a valuable reference for clinical practice and further studies for pleural mesothelioma.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)507-528
ページ数22
ジャーナルCancer science
115
2
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 02-2024
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 腫瘍学
  • 癌研究

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