G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) agonists such as neuropeptides activate the insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-IR) or the serine-threonine protein kinase Akt, suggesting that neuropeptides-GPCR signaling can cross-communicate with IGF-IR-Akt signaling pathways. Neutral endopeptidase 24.11 (NEP) is a cell-surface peptidase that cleaves and inactivates the neuropeptides endothelin-1 (ET-1) and bombesin, which are implicated in progression to androgen-independent prostate cancer (PC). We investigated the mechanisms of NEP regulation of neuropeptide-mediated cell survival in PC cells, including whether neuropeptide substrates of NEP induce phosphorylations of IGF-IR and Akt in PC cells. Western analyses revealed ET-1 and bombesin treatment induced phosphorylation of IGF-IRβ and Akt independent of IGF-I in TSU-Pr1, DU145, and PC-3 PC cells, which lack NEP expression, but not in NEP-expressing LNCaP cells. Recombinant NEP and induced NEP expression in TSU-Pr1 cells using a tetracycline-repressive expression system inhibited ET-1-mediated phosphorylation of IGF-IRβ and Akt, and blocked the protective effects of ET-1 against apoptosis induced by serum starvation. Incubation of TSU-Pr1 cells with specific kinase inhibitors together with ET-1 or bombesin showed that IGF-IR activation is required for neuropeptide-induced Akt phosphorylation, and that neuropeptide-induced Akt activation is predominantly mediated by Src and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase but not by mitogen-activated protein kinase or protein kinase C. These data show that the neuropeptides ET-1 and bombesin stimulate ligand-independent activation of the IGF-IR, which results in Akt activation, and that this cross-communication between GPCR and IGF-IR signaling is inhibited by NEP.
|出版ステータス||Published - 15-04-2001|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research