New Strategies for the Treatment of Neuropsychiatric Disorders Based on Reelin Dysfunction

Yumi Tsuneura, Tsuyoshi Nakai, Hiroyuki Mizoguchi, Kiyofumi Yamada

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿総説査読

10 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Reelin is an extracellular matrix protein that is mainly produced in Cajal-Retzius cells and controls neuronal migration, which is important for the proper formation of cortical layers in the developmental stage of the brain. In the adult brain, Reelin plays a crucial role in the regulation of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor-dependent synaptic function, and its expression decreases postnatally. Clinical studies showed reductions in Reelin protein and mRNA expression levels in patients with psychiatric disorders; however, the causal relationship remains unclear. Reelin-deficient mice exhibit an abnormal neuronal morphology and behavior, while Reelin supplementation ameliorates learning deficits, synaptic dysfunctions, and spine loss in animal models with Reelin deficiency. These findings suggest that the neuronal deficits and brain dysfunctions associated with the down-regulated expression of Reelin are attenuated by enhancements in its expression and functions in the brain. In this review, we summarize findings on the role of Reelin in neuropsychiatric disorders and discuss potential therapeutic approaches for neuropsychiatric disorders associated with Reelin dysfunctions.

本文言語英語
論文番号1829
ジャーナルInternational journal of molecular sciences
23
3
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 01-02-2022
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 触媒
  • 分子生物学
  • 分光学
  • コンピュータ サイエンスの応用
  • 物理化学および理論化学
  • 有機化学
  • 無機化学

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