Abnormalities in neural connections and the neurotransmitter system appear to be involved in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. The soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptor (SNARE) complex, which consists of Syntaxin1A, vesicle-associated membrane protein 2 (VAMP2) and synaptosomal-associated protein 25 kDa (SNAP25), plays an important role in the neurotransmitter system, and is therefore an attractive place to search for candidate genes for schizophrenia. We conducted a two-stage genetic association analysis of Syntaxin1A (STX1A), VAMP2 and SNAP25 genes with schizophrenia (first-set screening samples: 377 cases and 377 controls, second-set confirmation samples: 657 cases and 527 controls). Based on the linkage disequilibrium, 40 SNPs (STX1A, 8 SNPs; VAMP2, 3 SNPs; SNAP25, 29 SNPs) were selected as 'tagging SNPs'. Only nominally significant associations of an SNP (rs12626080) and haplotype (rs363014 and rs12626080) in SNAP25 were detected in the first-set screening scan. To validate this significance, we carried out a replication analysis of these SNP and haplotype associations in second-set samples with a denser set of markers (including five additional SNPs). However, these associations could not be confirmed in the second-set analysis. These results suggest that the SNARE complex-related genes do not play a major role in susceptibility to schizophrenia in the Japanese population.
|ジャーナル||American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics|
|出版ステータス||Published - 05-10-2008|
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