Non-communicable disease risk factor profile among public employees in a regional city in northern Ethiopia

Lemlem Weldegerima Gebremariam, Chifa Chiang, Hiroshi Yatsuya, Esayas Haregot Hilawe, Alemayehu Bayray Kahsay, Hagos Godefay, Loko Abraham, Yoshihisa Hirakawa, Hiroyasu Iso, Atsuko Aoyama

研究成果: Article

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抄録

The burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is increasing in Ethiopia. This study aims to describe the prevalence of NCD risk factors of public employees in a regional city in northern Ethiopia. We conducted a cross-sectional epidemiological study targeting men and women aged 25-64 years employed by public offices in Mekelle. The prevalence was age-standardized to the Ethiopian 2007 population. Among the 1380 subjects (823 men and 557 women), 68.7% had less than 1 serving of fruits and vegetables per day, 41.0% were physically inactive, and 57.3% observed religious fast. The age-standardised prevalence of abdominal obesity was 29.3% in men and 58.5% in women, but that of metabolic syndrome was comparable between men (39.2%) and women (39.0%). The prevalence of diabetes was underestimated if only fasting blood glucose (FBG) was used for the diagnosis compared to combination of FBG and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) (6.7% in men and 3.8% in women vs. 12.1% in men and 5.6% in women). More than a quarter (26.1%) of men and 8.7% of women had estimated 10-year risk of cardiovascular disease of 10% or more. This study revealed the high prevalence of NCD metabolic risk factors among the urban public employees in the highland of Ethiopia.

元の言語English
記事番号9298
ジャーナルScientific reports
8
発行部数1
DOI
出版物ステータスPublished - 01-12-2018

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Ethiopia
Blood Glucose
Fasting
Abdominal Obesity
Metabolic Diseases
Glycosylated Hemoglobin A
Vegetables
Epidemiologic Studies
Fruit
Cardiovascular Diseases
Cross-Sectional Studies
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

これを引用

Gebremariam, Lemlem Weldegerima ; Chiang, Chifa ; Yatsuya, Hiroshi ; Hilawe, Esayas Haregot ; Kahsay, Alemayehu Bayray ; Godefay, Hagos ; Abraham, Loko ; Hirakawa, Yoshihisa ; Iso, Hiroyasu ; Aoyama, Atsuko. / Non-communicable disease risk factor profile among public employees in a regional city in northern Ethiopia. :: Scientific reports. 2018 ; 巻 8, 番号 1.
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abstract = "The burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is increasing in Ethiopia. This study aims to describe the prevalence of NCD risk factors of public employees in a regional city in northern Ethiopia. We conducted a cross-sectional epidemiological study targeting men and women aged 25-64 years employed by public offices in Mekelle. The prevalence was age-standardized to the Ethiopian 2007 population. Among the 1380 subjects (823 men and 557 women), 68.7{\%} had less than 1 serving of fruits and vegetables per day, 41.0{\%} were physically inactive, and 57.3{\%} observed religious fast. The age-standardised prevalence of abdominal obesity was 29.3{\%} in men and 58.5{\%} in women, but that of metabolic syndrome was comparable between men (39.2{\%}) and women (39.0{\%}). The prevalence of diabetes was underestimated if only fasting blood glucose (FBG) was used for the diagnosis compared to combination of FBG and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) (6.7{\%} in men and 3.8{\%} in women vs. 12.1{\%} in men and 5.6{\%} in women). More than a quarter (26.1{\%}) of men and 8.7{\%} of women had estimated 10-year risk of cardiovascular disease of 10{\%} or more. This study revealed the high prevalence of NCD metabolic risk factors among the urban public employees in the highland of Ethiopia.",
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Gebremariam, LW, Chiang, C, Yatsuya, H, Hilawe, EH, Kahsay, AB, Godefay, H, Abraham, L, Hirakawa, Y, Iso, H & Aoyama, A 2018, 'Non-communicable disease risk factor profile among public employees in a regional city in northern Ethiopia', Scientific reports, 巻. 8, 番号 1, 9298. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-27519-6

Non-communicable disease risk factor profile among public employees in a regional city in northern Ethiopia. / Gebremariam, Lemlem Weldegerima; Chiang, Chifa; Yatsuya, Hiroshi; Hilawe, Esayas Haregot; Kahsay, Alemayehu Bayray; Godefay, Hagos; Abraham, Loko; Hirakawa, Yoshihisa; Iso, Hiroyasu; Aoyama, Atsuko.

:: Scientific reports, 巻 8, 番号 1, 9298, 01.12.2018.

研究成果: Article

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AU - Yatsuya, Hiroshi

AU - Hilawe, Esayas Haregot

AU - Kahsay, Alemayehu Bayray

AU - Godefay, Hagos

AU - Abraham, Loko

AU - Hirakawa, Yoshihisa

AU - Iso, Hiroyasu

AU - Aoyama, Atsuko

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N2 - The burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is increasing in Ethiopia. This study aims to describe the prevalence of NCD risk factors of public employees in a regional city in northern Ethiopia. We conducted a cross-sectional epidemiological study targeting men and women aged 25-64 years employed by public offices in Mekelle. The prevalence was age-standardized to the Ethiopian 2007 population. Among the 1380 subjects (823 men and 557 women), 68.7% had less than 1 serving of fruits and vegetables per day, 41.0% were physically inactive, and 57.3% observed religious fast. The age-standardised prevalence of abdominal obesity was 29.3% in men and 58.5% in women, but that of metabolic syndrome was comparable between men (39.2%) and women (39.0%). The prevalence of diabetes was underestimated if only fasting blood glucose (FBG) was used for the diagnosis compared to combination of FBG and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) (6.7% in men and 3.8% in women vs. 12.1% in men and 5.6% in women). More than a quarter (26.1%) of men and 8.7% of women had estimated 10-year risk of cardiovascular disease of 10% or more. This study revealed the high prevalence of NCD metabolic risk factors among the urban public employees in the highland of Ethiopia.

AB - The burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is increasing in Ethiopia. This study aims to describe the prevalence of NCD risk factors of public employees in a regional city in northern Ethiopia. We conducted a cross-sectional epidemiological study targeting men and women aged 25-64 years employed by public offices in Mekelle. The prevalence was age-standardized to the Ethiopian 2007 population. Among the 1380 subjects (823 men and 557 women), 68.7% had less than 1 serving of fruits and vegetables per day, 41.0% were physically inactive, and 57.3% observed religious fast. The age-standardised prevalence of abdominal obesity was 29.3% in men and 58.5% in women, but that of metabolic syndrome was comparable between men (39.2%) and women (39.0%). The prevalence of diabetes was underestimated if only fasting blood glucose (FBG) was used for the diagnosis compared to combination of FBG and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) (6.7% in men and 3.8% in women vs. 12.1% in men and 5.6% in women). More than a quarter (26.1%) of men and 8.7% of women had estimated 10-year risk of cardiovascular disease of 10% or more. This study revealed the high prevalence of NCD metabolic risk factors among the urban public employees in the highland of Ethiopia.

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