Oral phase preparation and propulsion: Anatomy, physiology, rheology, mastication, and transport

Koichiro Matsuo, Jeffrey B. Palmer

研究成果: Chapter

2 引用 (Scopus)

抜粋

The oral cavity is a chamber surrounded by and containing hard and soft tissues, notably the lips, cheeks, tongue, palate, and teeth. The oral cavity is the entrance to the digestive, vocal, and (at times) the respiratory tract. Thus, the structures of the oral cavity serve multiple functions in speaking, breathing, mastication and swallowing. Mastication, the initial phase of digestion, is the primary process of the oral preparatory phase of swallowing. Mastication is primarily controlled by motor pattern generators in the central nervous system and modified by internal factors such as dentition and saliva production and external factors such as food consistency. Coordinated motions of the jaws, tongue, soft palate, and hyoid bone reduce and moisten ingested food to render it suitable for swallowing, and transport food to the pharynx for bolus aggregation prior to swallowing. Saliva supports mastication by lubricating food during chewing, helping to forma bolus optimized for swallowing. Saliva also has protective functions fororal health. Food properties such as hardness, water content, flavor, and temperature modify masticatory performance and influence the initiation of swallowing.

元の言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトルPrinciples of Deglutition
ホスト出版物のサブタイトルA Multidisciplinary Text for Swallowing and its Disorders
出版者Springer New York
ページ117-131
ページ数15
ISBN(電子版)9781461437949
ISBN(印刷物)9781461437932
DOI
出版物ステータスPublished - 01-01-2013
外部発表Yes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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  • これを引用

    Matsuo, K., & Palmer, J. B. (2013). Oral phase preparation and propulsion: Anatomy, physiology, rheology, mastication, and transport. : Principles of Deglutition: A Multidisciplinary Text for Swallowing and its Disorders (pp. 117-131). Springer New York. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3794-9_8