We examined whether orally administered octacosanol, a long-chain aliphatic saturated alcohol, improves the features of high fructose-induced metabolic syndrome in rats. Five-week-old rats were fed a high fructose diet containing 60% fructose for 3 weeks. Then, the high fructose fed rats received a daily single oral administration of octacosanol (10 or 100 mg/kg body weight) with high fructose feeding for one week. Three-or four-week high fructose feeding increased insulin resistance, serum insulin, triglyceride, total cholesterol, free fatty acids, uric acid, and lipid peroxide concentrations, and hepatic triglyceride and cholesterol contents significantly and decreased serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and adiponectin concentrations significantly but did not affect blood pressure and hepatic lipid peroxide and reduced glutathione contents. Four-week high fructose feeding decreased hepatic ascorbic acid content significantly. Oral admin-istration of octacosanol (10 or 50 mg/kg body weight) to high fructose-fed rats for the last 1-week fructose diet feeding attenuated these changes except serum insulin level and insulin resistance significantly and increased hepatic reduced glutathione content significantly. The higher dose of Oct decreased hepatic lipid peroxide content significantly. These results indicate that orally administered octacosanol improves dyslipidemia, hyperuricemia, hypoadiponectinemia, and oxidative stress associated with the features of high fructose-induced metabolic syndrome rats.
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