Orthopedic, ophthalmic, and psychiatric diseases primarily affect activity limitation for Japanese males and females: Based on the Comprehensive Survey of Living Conditions

Tomoya Myojin, Toshiyuki Ojima, Keiko Kikuchi, Eisaku Okada, Yosuke Shibata, Mieko Nakamura, Shuji Hashimoto

研究成果: Article

3 引用 (Scopus)

抄録

Background: Healthy life expectancy (HLE) is used as one of the primary objectives of fundamental health promotion plans and social development plans. Activity limitation is used to calculate HLE, but little study has been done to identify determinants of activity limitation in order to extend HLE. The purpose of this study is to identify diseases and injuries that commonly lead to activity limitation to prioritize countermeasures against activity limitation. Methods: We used anonymous data from the 2007 "Comprehensive Survey of Living Conditions," collected by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan according to the Statistics Act, Article 36. We used logistic regression analyses and calculated odds ratios (ORs) after adjusting for age and sex. Limitation in daily activities was applied as the dependent variable, and each disease/injury was applied as an independent variable in this analysis. Furthermore, population attributable fractions (PAFs) were calculated. Results: The provided data included 98,789 subjects. We used data for 75,986 valid subjects aged 12 years or older. The following diseases showed high PAF: backache (PAF 13.27%, OR 3.88), arthropathia (PAF 7.61%, OR 4.82), eye and optical diseases (PAF 6.39%, OR 2.01), and depression and other mental diseases (PAF 5.70%, OR 11.55). PAFs of cerebrovascular diseases, hypertension, and diabetes were higher for males than for females; on the other hand, PAFs of orthopedic diseases were higher among females. Conclusions: Our results indicate that orthopedic diseases, ophthalmic diseases, and psychiatric diseases particularly affect activity limitation.

元の言語English
ページ(範囲)75-79
ページ数5
ジャーナルJournal of epidemiology
27
発行部数2
DOI
出版物ステータスPublished - 01-01-2017

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Eye Diseases
Social Conditions
Orthopedics
Psychiatry
Odds Ratio
Population
Life Expectancy
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Surveys and Questionnaires
Wounds and Injuries
Back Pain
Health Promotion
Japan
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Hypertension
Health

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology

これを引用

Myojin, Tomoya ; Ojima, Toshiyuki ; Kikuchi, Keiko ; Okada, Eisaku ; Shibata, Yosuke ; Nakamura, Mieko ; Hashimoto, Shuji. / Orthopedic, ophthalmic, and psychiatric diseases primarily affect activity limitation for Japanese males and females : Based on the Comprehensive Survey of Living Conditions. :: Journal of epidemiology. 2017 ; 巻 27, 番号 2. pp. 75-79.
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title = "Orthopedic, ophthalmic, and psychiatric diseases primarily affect activity limitation for Japanese males and females: Based on the Comprehensive Survey of Living Conditions",
abstract = "Background: Healthy life expectancy (HLE) is used as one of the primary objectives of fundamental health promotion plans and social development plans. Activity limitation is used to calculate HLE, but little study has been done to identify determinants of activity limitation in order to extend HLE. The purpose of this study is to identify diseases and injuries that commonly lead to activity limitation to prioritize countermeasures against activity limitation. Methods: We used anonymous data from the 2007 {"}Comprehensive Survey of Living Conditions,{"} collected by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan according to the Statistics Act, Article 36. We used logistic regression analyses and calculated odds ratios (ORs) after adjusting for age and sex. Limitation in daily activities was applied as the dependent variable, and each disease/injury was applied as an independent variable in this analysis. Furthermore, population attributable fractions (PAFs) were calculated. Results: The provided data included 98,789 subjects. We used data for 75,986 valid subjects aged 12 years or older. The following diseases showed high PAF: backache (PAF 13.27{\%}, OR 3.88), arthropathia (PAF 7.61{\%}, OR 4.82), eye and optical diseases (PAF 6.39{\%}, OR 2.01), and depression and other mental diseases (PAF 5.70{\%}, OR 11.55). PAFs of cerebrovascular diseases, hypertension, and diabetes were higher for males than for females; on the other hand, PAFs of orthopedic diseases were higher among females. Conclusions: Our results indicate that orthopedic diseases, ophthalmic diseases, and psychiatric diseases particularly affect activity limitation.",
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Orthopedic, ophthalmic, and psychiatric diseases primarily affect activity limitation for Japanese males and females : Based on the Comprehensive Survey of Living Conditions. / Myojin, Tomoya; Ojima, Toshiyuki; Kikuchi, Keiko; Okada, Eisaku; Shibata, Yosuke; Nakamura, Mieko; Hashimoto, Shuji.

:: Journal of epidemiology, 巻 27, 番号 2, 01.01.2017, p. 75-79.

研究成果: Article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Orthopedic, ophthalmic, and psychiatric diseases primarily affect activity limitation for Japanese males and females

T2 - Based on the Comprehensive Survey of Living Conditions

AU - Myojin, Tomoya

AU - Ojima, Toshiyuki

AU - Kikuchi, Keiko

AU - Okada, Eisaku

AU - Shibata, Yosuke

AU - Nakamura, Mieko

AU - Hashimoto, Shuji

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - Background: Healthy life expectancy (HLE) is used as one of the primary objectives of fundamental health promotion plans and social development plans. Activity limitation is used to calculate HLE, but little study has been done to identify determinants of activity limitation in order to extend HLE. The purpose of this study is to identify diseases and injuries that commonly lead to activity limitation to prioritize countermeasures against activity limitation. Methods: We used anonymous data from the 2007 "Comprehensive Survey of Living Conditions," collected by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan according to the Statistics Act, Article 36. We used logistic regression analyses and calculated odds ratios (ORs) after adjusting for age and sex. Limitation in daily activities was applied as the dependent variable, and each disease/injury was applied as an independent variable in this analysis. Furthermore, population attributable fractions (PAFs) were calculated. Results: The provided data included 98,789 subjects. We used data for 75,986 valid subjects aged 12 years or older. The following diseases showed high PAF: backache (PAF 13.27%, OR 3.88), arthropathia (PAF 7.61%, OR 4.82), eye and optical diseases (PAF 6.39%, OR 2.01), and depression and other mental diseases (PAF 5.70%, OR 11.55). PAFs of cerebrovascular diseases, hypertension, and diabetes were higher for males than for females; on the other hand, PAFs of orthopedic diseases were higher among females. Conclusions: Our results indicate that orthopedic diseases, ophthalmic diseases, and psychiatric diseases particularly affect activity limitation.

AB - Background: Healthy life expectancy (HLE) is used as one of the primary objectives of fundamental health promotion plans and social development plans. Activity limitation is used to calculate HLE, but little study has been done to identify determinants of activity limitation in order to extend HLE. The purpose of this study is to identify diseases and injuries that commonly lead to activity limitation to prioritize countermeasures against activity limitation. Methods: We used anonymous data from the 2007 "Comprehensive Survey of Living Conditions," collected by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan according to the Statistics Act, Article 36. We used logistic regression analyses and calculated odds ratios (ORs) after adjusting for age and sex. Limitation in daily activities was applied as the dependent variable, and each disease/injury was applied as an independent variable in this analysis. Furthermore, population attributable fractions (PAFs) were calculated. Results: The provided data included 98,789 subjects. We used data for 75,986 valid subjects aged 12 years or older. The following diseases showed high PAF: backache (PAF 13.27%, OR 3.88), arthropathia (PAF 7.61%, OR 4.82), eye and optical diseases (PAF 6.39%, OR 2.01), and depression and other mental diseases (PAF 5.70%, OR 11.55). PAFs of cerebrovascular diseases, hypertension, and diabetes were higher for males than for females; on the other hand, PAFs of orthopedic diseases were higher among females. Conclusions: Our results indicate that orthopedic diseases, ophthalmic diseases, and psychiatric diseases particularly affect activity limitation.

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