The possible role of calcineurin in cardiac hypertrophy induced by calmodulin (CaM) overexpression in the heart was investigated. CaM transgenic (CaM-TG) mice developed marked cardiac hypertrophy and exhibited up-regulation of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) and β-myosin heavy chain gene expression in the heart during the first 2 weeks after birth. The activity of calcineurin in the heart was also significantly increased in CaM-TG mice compared with wild-type littermates. Treatment of CaM-TG mice with the calcineurin inhibitor FK506 (1 mg/kg per day) prevented the increase in the heart-to-body weight ratio as well as that in cardiomyocyte width. FK506 also inhibited the induction of fetal-type cardiac gene expression in CaM-TG mice. Overexpression of CaM in cultured rat cardiomyocytes activated the ANF gene promoter in a manner sensitive to FK506. Activation of a calcineurin-dependent pathway thus contributes to the development of cardiac hypertrophy induced by CaM overexpression in the heart.
|ジャーナル||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|出版ステータス||Published - 16-12-2005|
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