Paired inspiratory/expiratory volumetric CT and deformable image registration for quantitative and qualitative evaluation of airflow limitation in smokers with or without COPD

Mizuho Nishio, Sumiaki Matsumoto, Maho Tsubakimoto, Tatsuya Nishii, Hisanobu Koyama, Yoshiharu Ohno, Kazuro Sugimura

研究成果: Article査読

11 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Rationale and Objectives: To evaluate paired inspiratory/expiratory computed tomography (CT; iCT/eCT) and deformable image registration for quantitative and qualitative assessment of airflow limitation in smokers. Materials and Methods: Paired iCT/eCT images acquired from 35 smokers (30 men and 5 women) were coregistered and subtraction images (air trapping CT images [aCT]) generated. To evaluate emphysema quantitatively, the percentage of low-attenuation volume (LAV%) on iCT was calculated at -950 HU, as were mean and kurtosis on aCT for quantitative assessment of air trapping. Parametric response maps of emphysema (PRMe) and of functional small airways disease (PRMs) were also obtained. For qualitative evaluation of emphysema, low-attenuation areas on iCT were scored by consensus of two radiologists using Goddard classification. To assess air trapping qualitatively, the degree of air trapping on aCT was scored. For each quantitative and qualitative index, the Spearman rank correlation coefficient for forced expiratory flow in 1 second was calculated, and differences in correlation coefficients were statistically tested. Results: The correlation coefficients for the indices were as follows: mean on aCT, 0.800; kurtosis on aCT, -0.726; LAV%, -0.472; PRMe, -0.570; PRMs, -0.565; addition of PRMe and PRMs, -0.653; emphysema score, -0.502; air trapping score, -0.793. The indices showing significant differences were as follows: mean on aCT and addition of PRMe and PRMs (P=1.43×10-8); air trapping score and emphysema score (P=.0169). Conclusions: Air trapping images yielded more accurate quantitative and qualitative evaluation of airflow limitation than did LAV%, PRMe, PRMs, and Goddard classification.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)330-336
ページ数7
ジャーナルAcademic Radiology
22
3
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2015
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 放射線学、核医学およびイメージング

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