Partial biopterin deficiency disturbs postnatal development of the dopaminergic system in the brain

Daigo Homma, Chiho Sumi-Ichinose, Hirofumi Tokuoka, Kazuhisa Ikemoto, Takahide Nomura, Kazunao Kondo, Setsuko Katoh, Hiroshi Ichinose

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術論文査読

25 被引用数 (Scopus)


Postnatal development of dopaminergic system is closely related to the development of psychomotor function. Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) is the rate-limiting enzyme in the biosynthesis of dopamine and requires tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) as a cofactor. To clarify the effect of partial BH4 deficiency on postnatal development of the dopaminergic system, we examined two lines of mutant mice lacking a BH4-biosynthesizing enzyme, including sepiapterin reductase knock-out (Spr-/-) mice and genetically rescued 6-pyruvoyltetrahydropterin synthase knock-out (DPS-Pts-/-) mice. We found that biopterin contents in the brains of these knock-out mice were moderately decreased from postnatal day 0 (P0) and remained constant up to P21. In contrast, the effects of BH4 deficiency on dopamine and TH protein levels were more manifested during the postnatal development. Both of dopamine and TH protein levels were greatly increased from P0 to P21 in wild-type mice but not in those mutant mice. Serotonin levels in those mutant mice were also severely suppressed after P7. Moreover, striatal TH immunoreactivity in Spr-/- mice showed a drop in the late developmental stage, when those mice exhibited hind-limb clasping behavior, a type of motor dysfunction. Our results demonstrate a critical role of biopterin in the augmentation of TH protein in the postnatal period. The developmental manifestation of psychomotor symptoms in BH4 deficiency might be attributable at least partially to high dependence of dopaminergic development on BH4 availability.

ジャーナルJournal of Biological Chemistry
出版ステータス出版済み - 14-01-2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 生化学
  • 分子生物学
  • 細胞生物学


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