c-Ret has been shown to be crucial for neural development and survival. We have recently shown that complete impairment of tyrosine 1062 (Y1062)-phosphorylation in c-Ret causes congenital hearing loss with neurodegeneration of spiral ganglion neurons (SGNs) in homozygous c-Ret knockin mice (c-Ret-KIY1062F/Y1062F-mice). However, there is no information to link c-Ret and age-related hearing loss. Here we show that partial impairment of Y1062-phosphorylation in c-Ret accelerates age-related hearing loss in heterozygous c-Ret Y1062F knockin mice (c-Ret-KIY1062F/+-mice). In contrast, complete impairment of serine 697 (S697)-phosphorylation in c-Ret did not affect hearing levels in 10-month-old homozygous c-Ret S697A knockin mice (c-Ret-KIS697A/S697A-mice). The hearing loss involved late-onset neurodegeneration of spiral ganglion neurons in c-Ret-KIY1062F/+-mice. Morphological abnormalities in inner- and outer-hair cells and the stria vascularis in c-Ret-KIY1062F/+-mice were undetectable. The acceleration of age-related hearing loss in c-Ret-KIY1062F/+-mice was rescued by introducing constitutively activated RET. Thus, our results suggest that c-Ret is a novel age-related hearing loss-related molecule in mice. Our results suggest that these hearing losses partially share a common pathogenesis that is monogenetically caused by a single point mutation (Y1062F) in c-Ret.
|ジャーナル||Neurobiology of Aging|
|出版ステータス||Published - 03-2012|
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