Persistent depressive state after chronic stress in rats is accompanied by HPA axis dysregulation and reduced prefrontal dopaminergic neurotransmission

Kazushige Mizoguchi, Hirotaka Shoji, Ryuji Ikeda, Yayoi Tanaka, Takeshi Tabira

研究成果: Article査読

56 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Exposure to stress is thought to play an important role in the etiology of depression. Dysregulation of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis characterized by glucocorticoid negative feedback resistance is frequently observed in human depressives. Additionally, dysfunctions of the dopaminergic and serotonergic systems in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) are thought to be involved in the development of a depressive state. In rats, chronic stress induces a behaviorally depressive state, concomitant with dysregulation of the HPA axis and reductions in dopaminergic and serotonergic transmissions in the PFC. Considering that dysregulation of the HPA axis is associated with relapse and persistency of depression, it is possible that the chronic stress-induced depressive state persists during long-term rest after its exposure. In the present study, we examined this possibility in rats and found that the behaviorally depressive state in the rotarod test, negative feedback resistance in the dexamethasone suppression test, and a decrease in the extracellular concentration of dopamine but not serotonin in the PFC persisted for 3 months following a 4-week stress session. These results suggest that dysregulation of the HPA system and reduced dopaminergic transmission in the PFC underlies persistent behavioral depression following chronic stress.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)170-175
ページ数6
ジャーナルPharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior
91
1
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 11-2008
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 生化学
  • 毒物学
  • 薬理学
  • 臨床生化学
  • 生物学的精神医学
  • 行動神経科学

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