Pharmacologic stem cell based intervention as a new approach to osteoporosis treatment in rodents

Takayoshi Yamaza, Yasuo Miura, Yanming Bi, Yongzhong Liu, Kentaro Akiyama, Wataru Sonoyama, Voymesh Patel, Silvio Gutkind, Marian Young, Stan Gronthos, Anh Le, Cun Yu Wang, Wan Jun Chen, Songtao Shi

研究成果: Article査読

128 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Background: Osteoporosis is the most prevalent skeletal disorder, characterized by a low bone mineral density (BMD) and bone structural deterioration, leading to bone fragility fractures. Accelerated bone resorption by osteoclasts has been established as a principal mechanism in osteoporosis. However, recent experimental evidences suggest that inappropriate apoptosis of osteoblasts/osteocytes accounts for, at least in part, the imbalance in bone remodeling as occurs in osteoporosis. The aim of this study is to examine whether aspirin, which has been reported as an effective drug improving bone mineral density in human epidemiology studies, regulates the balance between bone resorption and bone formation at stem cell levels. Methods and Findings: We found that T cell-mediated bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMMSC) impairment plays a crucial role in ovariectomized-induced osteoporosis. Ex vivo mechanistic studied revealed that T cell-mediated BMMSC impairment was mainly attributed to the apoptosis of BMMSCs via the Fas/Fas ligand pathway. To explore potential of using pharmacologic stem cell based intervention as an approach for osteoporosis treatment, we selected ovariectomy (OVX)-induced osteoporosis mouse model to examine feasibility and mechanism of aspirin-mediated therapy for osteoporosis. We found that aspirin can inhibit T cell activation and Fas ligand induced BMMSC apoptosis in vitro. Further, we revealed that aspirin increases osteogenesis of BMMSCs by aiming at telomerase activity and inhibits osteoclast activity in OVX mice, leading to ameliorating bone density. Conclusion: Our findings have revealed a novel osteoporosis mechanism in which activated T cells induce BMMSC apoptosis via Fas/Fas ligand pathway and suggested that pharmacologic stem cell based intervention by aspirin may be a new alternative in osteoporosis treatment including activated osteoblasts and inhibited osteoclasts.

本文言語English
論文番号e2615
ジャーナルPloS one
3
7
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 09-07-2008
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 一般

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