Swallowing is a complex activity in humans that involves coordinated activity of the mouth, pharynx, larynx, and esophagus. Thorough knowledge of these physiological processes is necessary to understand the complexity of swallowing and serves as an essential module for explaining the fundamental mechanisms that operate in swallowing activity. In addition, an understanding of the mechanism of swallowing allows us to formulate new questions that serve as the basis for experiments and detect specific problems that must be managed in the clinical setting. The swallowing sequence is divided into stages, each involving different food management behaviors. Two common models of drinking and eating are widely used.
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