Polymorphic regulation of mitochondrial fission and fusion modifies phenotypes of microglia in neuroinflammation

Mitsuhiko Katoh, Bao Wu, Huy Bang Nguyen, Truc Quynh Thai, Ryo Yamasaki, Haiyan Lu, Anna M. Rietsch, Musab M. Zorlu, Youichi Shinozaki, Yurika Saitoh, Sei Saitoh, Takashi Sakoh, Kazuhiro Ikenaka, Schuichi Koizumi, Richard M. Ransohoff, Nobuhiko Ohno

研究成果: Article査読

29 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Microglia are the resident macrophages of the central nervous system and play complex roles in the milieu of diseases including the primary diseases of myelin. Although mitochondria are critical for cellular functions and survival in the nervous system, alterations in and the roles of mitochondrial dynamics and associated signaling in microglia are still poorly understood. In the present study, by combining immunohistochemistry and 3D ultrastructural analyses, we show that mitochondrial fission/fusion in reactive microglia is differentially regulated from that in monocyte-derived macrophages and the ramified microglia of normal white matter in myelin disease models. Mouse cerebral microglia in vitro demonstrated that stimulation of TLR4 with lipopolysaccharide, widely used to examine microglial reactions, caused the activation of the mitochondrial fission protein, dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1) and enhanced production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The increase in the ROS level activated 5′ adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK), and facilitated elongation of mitochondria along the microtubule tracks. These results suggest that the polymorphic regulation of mitochondrial fission and fusion in reactive microglia is mediated by distinct signaling under inflammatory conditions, and modulates microglial phenotypes through the production of ROS.

本文言語English
論文番号4942
ジャーナルScientific reports
7
1
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 01-12-2017
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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