Background: Genetic factors, related to DNA repair or xenobiotic pathways might confer different degrees of susceptibility to gastric carcinogenesis. CpG island hyper methylation (CIHM) is a major event in gastric carcinogenesis. We evaluated the association between XRCC1, GSTP1, GSTT1 and GSTM1 polymorphisms with CIHM status in non-neoplastic gastric mucosa. Methods: XRCC1 Arg399Gln, and Arg194Trp, GSTP1 Ile104Val, and GSTT1, GSTM1 null polymorphisms were genotyped in 415 cancer free subjects, in relation to four candidate CpG (p14, p16, DAP-kinase and CDH1) loci, assessed by Methylation-Specific-Polymerase Chain Reaction (MSP). CIHM high was defined as two or more CpG islands methylated. Results: Significant association between XRCC1 codon 399 Gln/Gln genotype and reduced susceptibility to CIHM of DAP-kinase (adjusted OR=0.30, 95%CI=0.13-0.71, p=0055) and CIHM high (OR=0.42, 95%CI=0.19-0.97, p=04). XRCC1 codon 399 Gin/Gln genotype also presented lower number of CIHM when compared with both Arg/Gln, and Arg/Arg + Arg/Gln genotypes (p=02, .046, respectively) When subjects were divided according to age (>50 and <50), an association was found between GSTM1 null genotype and increased susceptibility to CIHM high in the 50years and older generations (OR=1.63, 95%CI=1.01-2.62, p=045). Conclusion: XRCC1 codon 399 Gln/Gln genotype is associated with reduced susceptibility to CIHM especially DAP-kinase. GSTM1 null genotype may increase the susceptibility to CIHM especially in older patients. Genetic factors, related to DNA repair or xenobiotic pathways may have a role in CIHM-related gastric carcinogenesis.
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