Predominant contribution of rat organic anion transporting polypeptide-2 (Oatp2) to hepatic uptake of β-lactam antibiotics

Masanori Nakakariya, Taiki Shimada, Masanori Irokawa, Hiroyuki Koibuchi, Takashi Iwanaga, Hikaru Yabuuchi, Tomoji Maeda, Ikumi Tamai

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術論文査読

31 被引用数 (Scopus)


Purpose. To identify the rat hepatic basolateral transporters involved in the hepatic uptake of β-lactam antibiotics using nafcillin as a model β-lactam antibiotic that undergoes extensive biliary excretion. Materials and Methods. Uptake by isolated rat hepatocytes and Xenopus laevis oocytes expressing organic anion transporting peptides (Oatp1, 2, and 4) and organic anion transporter (OAT2) was evaluated. Results. Nafcillin uptake by isolated rat hepatocytes was saturable with the K m of 210 μM and was significantly inhibited by anionic compounds (estrone-3-sulfate and sulfobromophthalein), but not by cationic compounds (tetraethylammonium and 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium). In an in vitro uptake study by Xenopus oocytes expressing hepatic basolateral membrane transporters, nafcillin was transported by multiple Oatps with K m values of 4120 μM (Oatp1/Oatp1a1), 198 μM (Oatp2/Oatp1a4), and 1,570 μM (Oatp4/Oatp1b2), though it was not transported by hOAT2. Comparison of affinity and analysis by the relative activity factor method indicated that Oatp2 is the predominant contributor to the hepatic uptake of nafcillin. Cefadroxil, cefazolin, cefmetazole, cefoperazone, cefsulodin, and cephalexin, though not cefotaxime or ceftriaxone, were also substrates of Oatp2. Conclusion. These findings suggest that Oatp2 plays a key role in the hepatic uptake of nafcillin and most other β-lactam antibiotics in rats.

ジャーナルPharmaceutical Research
出版ステータス出版済み - 03-2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • バイオテクノロジー
  • 分子医療
  • 薬理学
  • 薬科学
  • 有機化学
  • 薬理学(医学)


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