Presence of alternatively spliced transcripts of aromatase gene in human breast cancer

Toshiaki Utsumi, Nobuhiro Harada, Morito Maruta, Yasuyuki Takagi

研究成果: Article査読

98 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The expression of aromatase (estrogen synthetase) is tissue specifically regulated through the alternative use of multiple exons 1 and promoters. We have determined the amounts of aromatase messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) and which type of multiple exons 1 of the human aromatase gene is used in breast tissues of 49 patients with breast cancer by reverse transcription- PCR analysis. The aromatase mRNA levels in these breast cancer tissues (4.53 ± 0.66 x 10-3 attomoles/μg RNA) were significantly (P < 0.01) higher than those in 16 nonmalignant breast tissues (1.73 ± 0.40 x 10-3 amol/μg RNA). Aromatase mRNA in all nonmalignant breast tissues was transcribed from skin fibroblast/fetal liver-specific exon 1 (exon 1b) of the gene. In 23 breast cancer tissues, the utilization of multiple exons 1 in the aromatase mRNa was the same as that in nonmalignant breast tissues, whereas in the other 26 cases, it changed from exon 1b to ovary-specific exon 1 (exon 1c). Such switching of tissue-specific exons 1 may affect strict regulation of the tissue-specific expression of aromatase, leading to abnormal expression of the aromatase. The consequent overproduction of local estrogen might promote carcinogenesis or the proliferation of breast cancers.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)2344-2349
ページ数6
ジャーナルJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
81
6
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 内分泌学、糖尿病および代謝内科学
  • 生化学
  • 内分泌学
  • 臨床生化学
  • 生化学、医学

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