Objective The goal of this study was to evaluate whether pretransplant serum hyaluronic acid (HA) levels can predict outcomes after adult-to-adult living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). Methods In study I, 21 patients who underwent LDLT (March 2002-February 2004) were divided into 2 groups: the H-I group (HA ≥500 ng/mL; n = 12) and the L-I group (HA <500 ng/mL; n = 9). The influence of pretransplantation HA levels on short-term surgical outcome was investigated. In study II, 77 LDLT patients (May 2004-December 2014) were also divided into 2 groups: the H-II group (HA ≥500 ng/mL; n = 40) and the L-II group (HA <500 ng/mL; n = 37). We compared long-term survival and investigated prognostic factors. Results In study I, HA levels significantly decreased after LDLT, and those in the H-I group were significantly higher compared with the L-I group at 1, 3, 5, and 7 days after LDLT. There were significant differences in postoperative peak total bilirubin levels (H-I vs L-I, 17.2 vs 6.2 mg/dL; P = .013), peak ascitic fluid volume (1327 vs 697 mL/d; P = .005), and the hepatocyte growth factor levels at 3 days after LDLT (1879 vs 1092 pg/mL; P = .03). In study II, the 1- and 5-year survival rates were significantly lower in the H-II group than in the L-II group (H-II vs L-II, 65.0% and 48.5% vs 86.5% and 80.8%; P = .004). In multivariate analysis, significant prognostic factors were preoperative HA ≥500 ng/mL (P = .004) and graft to recipient body weight ratio <0.8 (P = .042). Conclusions Preoperative HA level can be a prognostic risk factor. Patients with high HA levels are vulnerable and should be carefully managed after LDLT.
|出版ステータス||Published - 01-01-2017|
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