Prevalence and characteristics of antibiotic prescription for acute COVID-19 patients in Japan

Seiji Hamada, Yasuharu Tokuda, Hitoshi Honda, Takashi Watari, Tomoharu Suzuki, Takuhiro Moromizato, Masashi Narita, Kiyosu Taniguchi, Kenji Shibuya

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術論文査読

4 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

COVID-19 is a viral infection and does not require antibiotics. The study aimed to elucidate a prescribing pattern of antibiotics for COVID-19. A nationwide cross-sectional study was conducted in Japan. The Diagnosis and Procedure Combinations (DPC) data was used to collect information, covering 25% of all acute care hospitals in the country. In 140,439 COVID-19 patients, 18,550 (13.21%) patients received antibiotics. Antibiotics were prescribed more often in inpatients (10,809 out of 66,912, 16.15%) than outpatients (7741 out of 73,527, 10.53%) (p < 0.001). Outpatient prescription was significantly associated with older patients (odds ratio [OR], 4.66; 95% confidence interval [CI] 4.41–4.93) and a greater Charlson index (OR with one-point index increase, 1.22; 95% CI 1.21–1.23). Inpatient prescription was significantly associated with older patients (OR 2.10; 95% CI 2.01–2.21), male gender (OR 1.12, 95% CI 1.07–1.18), a greater Charlson index (OR with one-point increase, 1.06; 95% CI 1.05–1.07), requirement of oxygen therapy (OR 3.44; 95% CI 3.28–3.60) and mechanical ventilation (OR 15.09; 95% CI 13.60–16.74). The most frequently prescribed antibiotic among outpatients was cefazolin, while that among inpatients was ceftriaxone. Antibiotic prescription is relatively low for acute COVID-19 in Japan. Antibiotic prescription was associated with older age, multi-morbidity, severe disease, and winter season.

本文言語英語
論文番号22340
ジャーナルScientific reports
12
1
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 12-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 一般

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