Profile of non-communicable disease risk factors among young people in Palau

Chifa Chiang, Singeru Travis Singeo, Hiroshi Yatsuya, Kaori Honjo, Takashi Mita, Edolem Ikerdeu, Renzhe Cui, Enei Ri, Berry Moon Watson, Gregorio Ngirmang, Hiroyasu Iso, Atsuko Aoyama

研究成果: Article

4 引用 (Scopus)

抄録

Background: Although non-communicable diseases (NCDs) have become the predominant health problems of Palauan society, there have been no comprehensive data on NCD risk factors available to develop effective control strategies. Therefore, the first Palauan national STEPwise approach to risk factor Surveillance (STEPS) was completed in mid-2013 to provide information on its adult population aged 25 to 64 years. This study aims to obtain corresponding data from the younger adults aged 18 to 24 years, who remained to be surveyed. Methods: We conducted an epidemiological study, targeting the 18- to 24-year-old age group. A survey station and a mobile team were established to recruit voluntary participants dwelling in Koror. A slightly modified WHO STEPS instrument was used, including a structured questionnaire for behavioral risk factors, physical measurements, and blood tests. Results: A total of 356 young people were recruited during the survey. In both sexes, nearly half of the participants were overweight/obese. The prevalence of hypertension was higher in men than in women (17.6% vs 1.7%). Raised blood glucose and impaired fasting glucose were observed in 3.5% and 5.2% of the total participants, respectively. About 36% of the subjects were observed to have raised levels of total cholesterol. More than 70% of the young people were current tobacco users, in terms of all kinds of tobacco products. Conclusions: The current survey, for the first time, revealed a high prevalence of NCD risk factors, especially overweight/obesity and tobacco use, among young people in Palau. This indicates that swift measures against NCDs are required even in this young age group.

元の言語English
ページ(範囲)392-397
ページ数6
ジャーナルJournal of epidemiology
25
発行部数5
DOI
出版物ステータスPublished - 01-01-2015

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Palau
Age Groups
Tobacco Use
Hematologic Tests
Tobacco Products
Tobacco
Blood Glucose
Epidemiologic Studies
Young Adult
Fasting
Obesity
Cholesterol
Hypertension
Glucose
Surveys and Questionnaires
Health
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology

これを引用

Chiang, C., Singeo, S. T., Yatsuya, H., Honjo, K., Mita, T., Ikerdeu, E., ... Aoyama, A. (2015). Profile of non-communicable disease risk factors among young people in Palau. Journal of epidemiology, 25(5), 392-397. https://doi.org/10.2188/jea.JE20140156
Chiang, Chifa ; Singeo, Singeru Travis ; Yatsuya, Hiroshi ; Honjo, Kaori ; Mita, Takashi ; Ikerdeu, Edolem ; Cui, Renzhe ; Ri, Enei ; Watson, Berry Moon ; Ngirmang, Gregorio ; Iso, Hiroyasu ; Aoyama, Atsuko. / Profile of non-communicable disease risk factors among young people in Palau. :: Journal of epidemiology. 2015 ; 巻 25, 番号 5. pp. 392-397.
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abstract = "Background: Although non-communicable diseases (NCDs) have become the predominant health problems of Palauan society, there have been no comprehensive data on NCD risk factors available to develop effective control strategies. Therefore, the first Palauan national STEPwise approach to risk factor Surveillance (STEPS) was completed in mid-2013 to provide information on its adult population aged 25 to 64 years. This study aims to obtain corresponding data from the younger adults aged 18 to 24 years, who remained to be surveyed. Methods: We conducted an epidemiological study, targeting the 18- to 24-year-old age group. A survey station and a mobile team were established to recruit voluntary participants dwelling in Koror. A slightly modified WHO STEPS instrument was used, including a structured questionnaire for behavioral risk factors, physical measurements, and blood tests. Results: A total of 356 young people were recruited during the survey. In both sexes, nearly half of the participants were overweight/obese. The prevalence of hypertension was higher in men than in women (17.6{\%} vs 1.7{\%}). Raised blood glucose and impaired fasting glucose were observed in 3.5{\%} and 5.2{\%} of the total participants, respectively. About 36{\%} of the subjects were observed to have raised levels of total cholesterol. More than 70{\%} of the young people were current tobacco users, in terms of all kinds of tobacco products. Conclusions: The current survey, for the first time, revealed a high prevalence of NCD risk factors, especially overweight/obesity and tobacco use, among young people in Palau. This indicates that swift measures against NCDs are required even in this young age group.",
author = "Chifa Chiang and Singeo, {Singeru Travis} and Hiroshi Yatsuya and Kaori Honjo and Takashi Mita and Edolem Ikerdeu and Renzhe Cui and Enei Ri and Watson, {Berry Moon} and Gregorio Ngirmang and Hiroyasu Iso and Atsuko Aoyama",
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Chiang, C, Singeo, ST, Yatsuya, H, Honjo, K, Mita, T, Ikerdeu, E, Cui, R, Ri, E, Watson, BM, Ngirmang, G, Iso, H & Aoyama, A 2015, 'Profile of non-communicable disease risk factors among young people in Palau', Journal of epidemiology, 巻. 25, 番号 5, pp. 392-397. https://doi.org/10.2188/jea.JE20140156

Profile of non-communicable disease risk factors among young people in Palau. / Chiang, Chifa; Singeo, Singeru Travis; Yatsuya, Hiroshi; Honjo, Kaori; Mita, Takashi; Ikerdeu, Edolem; Cui, Renzhe; Ri, Enei; Watson, Berry Moon; Ngirmang, Gregorio; Iso, Hiroyasu; Aoyama, Atsuko.

:: Journal of epidemiology, 巻 25, 番号 5, 01.01.2015, p. 392-397.

研究成果: Article

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T1 - Profile of non-communicable disease risk factors among young people in Palau

AU - Chiang, Chifa

AU - Singeo, Singeru Travis

AU - Yatsuya, Hiroshi

AU - Honjo, Kaori

AU - Mita, Takashi

AU - Ikerdeu, Edolem

AU - Cui, Renzhe

AU - Ri, Enei

AU - Watson, Berry Moon

AU - Ngirmang, Gregorio

AU - Iso, Hiroyasu

AU - Aoyama, Atsuko

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - Background: Although non-communicable diseases (NCDs) have become the predominant health problems of Palauan society, there have been no comprehensive data on NCD risk factors available to develop effective control strategies. Therefore, the first Palauan national STEPwise approach to risk factor Surveillance (STEPS) was completed in mid-2013 to provide information on its adult population aged 25 to 64 years. This study aims to obtain corresponding data from the younger adults aged 18 to 24 years, who remained to be surveyed. Methods: We conducted an epidemiological study, targeting the 18- to 24-year-old age group. A survey station and a mobile team were established to recruit voluntary participants dwelling in Koror. A slightly modified WHO STEPS instrument was used, including a structured questionnaire for behavioral risk factors, physical measurements, and blood tests. Results: A total of 356 young people were recruited during the survey. In both sexes, nearly half of the participants were overweight/obese. The prevalence of hypertension was higher in men than in women (17.6% vs 1.7%). Raised blood glucose and impaired fasting glucose were observed in 3.5% and 5.2% of the total participants, respectively. About 36% of the subjects were observed to have raised levels of total cholesterol. More than 70% of the young people were current tobacco users, in terms of all kinds of tobacco products. Conclusions: The current survey, for the first time, revealed a high prevalence of NCD risk factors, especially overweight/obesity and tobacco use, among young people in Palau. This indicates that swift measures against NCDs are required even in this young age group.

AB - Background: Although non-communicable diseases (NCDs) have become the predominant health problems of Palauan society, there have been no comprehensive data on NCD risk factors available to develop effective control strategies. Therefore, the first Palauan national STEPwise approach to risk factor Surveillance (STEPS) was completed in mid-2013 to provide information on its adult population aged 25 to 64 years. This study aims to obtain corresponding data from the younger adults aged 18 to 24 years, who remained to be surveyed. Methods: We conducted an epidemiological study, targeting the 18- to 24-year-old age group. A survey station and a mobile team were established to recruit voluntary participants dwelling in Koror. A slightly modified WHO STEPS instrument was used, including a structured questionnaire for behavioral risk factors, physical measurements, and blood tests. Results: A total of 356 young people were recruited during the survey. In both sexes, nearly half of the participants were overweight/obese. The prevalence of hypertension was higher in men than in women (17.6% vs 1.7%). Raised blood glucose and impaired fasting glucose were observed in 3.5% and 5.2% of the total participants, respectively. About 36% of the subjects were observed to have raised levels of total cholesterol. More than 70% of the young people were current tobacco users, in terms of all kinds of tobacco products. Conclusions: The current survey, for the first time, revealed a high prevalence of NCD risk factors, especially overweight/obesity and tobacco use, among young people in Palau. This indicates that swift measures against NCDs are required even in this young age group.

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