Although chronic total occlusion (CTO) in non-infarct-related arteries (non-IRAs) negatively affects long-term mortality in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) who are undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), the prognostic impact of successful CTO-PCI has not been completely addressed. Among 1855 consecutive patients with AMI who underwent primary PCI, those who were treated for CTO with either PCI or medical therapy were included. We evaluated the association between recanalization of CTO and long-term cardiac mortality. Of the 172 included patients, 88 underwent CTO-PCI, and the procedures were successful in 65 patients. Thus, the successfully recanalized CTO (SR-CTO) group included 65 patients; and the no recanalized CTO (NR-CTO) group, 107 patients. During the follow-up, 72 patients died, and of whom 56 (77.8%) died because of cardiac causes. The cumulative 10-year, 30-day, and 30-day to 10-year incidences of cardiac mortality were lower in the SR-CTO group than in the NR-CTO group (19.0% vs. 51.9% p = 0.004; 4.6% vs. 14.0%, p = 0.05; 15.0% vs. 44.1%, p = 0.003, respectively). After adjusting for confounding factors, the benefits of SR-CTO for the 10-year cardiac mortality remained significant compared with those of NR-CTO (hazard ratio 0.37; 95% confidence interval 0.17–0.75; p = 0.004). In conclusion, patients with SR-CTO in non-IRAs after AMI was associated with reduced long-term cardiac mortality compared with those with NR-CTO.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine