Propofol attenuates oxidant-induced acute lung injury in an isolated perfused rabbit-lung model

Masato Yumoto, Osamu Nishida, Fujio Nakamura, Hirotada Katsuya

研究成果: Article査読

11 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Purpose: Reactive oxygen species have been strongly implicated in the pathogenesis of acute lung injury (ALI). Some animal studies suggest that free radical scavengers inhibit the onset of oxidant-induced ALI. Propofol (2,6-diisopropylphenol) is chemically similar to phenol-based free radical scavengers such as the endogenous antioxidant vitamin E. Both in vivo and in vitro studies have suggested that propofol has antioxidant potential. We hypothesized that propofol may attenuate ALI by acting as a free-radical scavenger. Methods: We investigated the effects of propofol on oxidant-induced ALI induced by purine and xanthine oxidase (XO), in isolated perfused rabbit lung, in two series of experiments. In series 1, we examined the relationship between the severity of ALI and the presence of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). In series 2, we evaluated the effects of propofol on attenuating ALI and the dose dependence of these effects. The lungs were perfused for 90min, and we evaluated the effects on the severity of ALI by monitoring the pulmonary capillary filtration coefficient (Kfc), pulmonary arterial pressure (Ppa), and the pulmonary capillary hydrostatic pressure (Ppc). Results: In series 1, treatment with catalase (an H2 O2 scavenger) prior to the addition of purine and XO resulted in complete prevention of ALI, suggesting that H2O2 may be involved closely in the pathogenesis of ALI. In series 2, pretreatment with propofol at concentrations in excess of 0.5mM significantly inhibited the increases in the Kfc values, and that in excess of 0.75mM significantly inhibited the increase in the Ppa values. Conclusion: Propofol attenuates oxidant-induced ALI in an isolated perfused rabbit lung model, probably due to its antioxidant action.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)287-294
ページ数8
ジャーナルJournal of Anesthesia
19
4
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 01-11-2005
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 麻酔学および疼痛医療

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