Diagnostic reference levels (DRLs 2015) in Japan were first published in 2017, on the Japan Network for Research and Information on Medical Exposures network. Medical facilities in Japan are now presumably reconsidering radiation doses at their facilities and approaching protection optimisation through the application of DRLs 2015. However, since more than 3 years have elapsed since publication, radiation doses received by patients in Japan may have diverged from DRLs 2015. We therefore undertook the present study. Based on our questionnaire survey implemented in 2017, we estimated the entrance skin dose (ESD) under general radiography fields and the mean glandular dose (MGD) under mammography, to compile a report on the doses received by patients under general radiography fields and mammography, and to propose new DRLs as replacements for DRLs 2015. Radiation doses under general radiography fields and mammography were estimated from the results of the 2017 questionnaire survey and applied to determine new DRLs at 75% values of dose distributions in general radiography fields and at 95% values of dose distributions in mammography. Among all the modes for general radiography fields and mammography, median ESD and MGD were significantly smaller with flat panel detector systems than with computed radiography systems. Comparison of the results with DRLs 2015 values showed a trend toward decreases in all imaging methods of the general radiography fields and mammography ranging from 5.0% (child chest radiography) to 31.7% (skull radiography). Moreover, responses showed that DRLs 2015 were recognised and used for comparison at many facilities. We have described the doses received by patients in general radiography fields and mammography in 2017 and proposed new DRLs as replacements for DRLs 2015. The DRLs we proposed for general radiography fields and mammography were determined to be lower than DRLs 2015 for all modes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes