Protein kinase C mutants in the auto-inhibitory region exhibit two distinct properties

Masa aki Muramatsu, Kozo Kaibuchi, Ken ichi Arai

研究成果: Article査読

7 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

To define the role of the auto-inhibitory region of protein kinase C (PKC), Arg22-Lys23-Gly24-Ala25-Leu26-Arg27, site-directed mutations were introduced into the basic residues. Three mutants, PKCAla22,23, PKCAla27 and PKCAla22,23,27, apparently fell into two distinct types with regard to their biochemical properties and biological activities, as judged by the enhancement of a c-fos promoter in Jurkat cells and by the initiation of germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD) in Xenopus laevis oocytes. (i) PKCAlu22,23 and PKCAla27 had activators independent in vitro kinase activity, high phosphorylation levels in vivo, and localized in both cytosolic and particulate fractions. These mutants were not fully biologically active. (ii) PKCAla22,23,27 had a low phosphorylation level in vivo, was found predominantly in the particulate fraction and was the most biologically active. These results suggest that basic residues in the auto-inhibitory domain account for the regulation of kinase activity and the cytosolic retention of PKC. The particulate association or the cytosolic clearance of PKC may facilitate signal transduction in the cell.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)75-79
ページ数5
ジャーナルFEBS Letters
311
1
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 12-10-1992
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 生物理学
  • 構造生物学
  • 生化学
  • 分子生物学
  • 遺伝学
  • 細胞生物学

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