The expression and phosphotyrosine activity of pp60v-src were measured in the B31 avian sarcoma virus-transformed rat cell line by flow cytometry using monoclonal antibodies against pp60v-src (EB7) and phosphotyrosine (1G2). Although the immunocytochemical staining was markedly heterogeneous, binding of both antibodies was significantly greater to B31 cells than to untransformed Rat 1 cells. Binding of 1G2 to phosphotyrosine residues was specific; it was entirely inhibited by adding excess phenylphosphate but was not affected by phosphoserine or phosphothreonine. The relationship between the amount of phosphorylated tyrosine measured by our FCM technique and total cellular phos-photyrosine measured by phosphoamino acid analysis was linear in vanadate-treated BALB/c 3T3 cells. Treatment of B31 cells for 48 h with herbimycin A, a benzenoid ansamycin antibiotic, to decrease the expression and tyrosine kinase activity of pp60p-scr caused reductions of 42% in anti-pp60p-scr and 58% in anti-phosphotyrosine antibody immunofluorescence. DNA staining with the fluorescent dye propidium iodide showed no cell cycle specificity in the binding of either antibody. Herbimycin A also caused the transformed cell line to revert to the morphology, actin configuration, and growth behavior of untransformed cells; these changes were reversed within 12 h after removal of the drug. Flow cytometric evaluation of tyrosine kinase expression and activity was fast and easy, and the results correlated well with other measures of cell phenotype. This technique can be used to quantitate the effects of drugs on oncogenic proteins such as pp60p-scr and their associated tyrosine kinase activity.
|出版ステータス||Published - 15-08-1988|
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