Two types of dialysis induced hypotension apparently exist. One type presents as gradually decreasing blood pressure with eventual symptoms (gradual hypotension), whereas the other presents as abruptly and sharply decreasing blood pressure, along with symptoms (abrupt hypotension). In the current study, the authors found that the plasma hypoxanthine concentration during abrupt hypotension was significantly higher than before the hypotension occurred (20 min after saline was administered or at the beginning of dialysis), whereas comparison of the plasma hypoxanthine concentration during gradual hypotension and that before the hypotension occurred (20 min after saline was administered or at the beginning of dialysis) revealed no significant difference. The current results indicate that abnormally increased adenosine triphosphate (ATP) degradation associated with tissue ischemia occurred during abrupt hypotension but not during gradual hypotension. It can be speculated that the increased release of adenosine due to abnormally increased ATP degradation caused the abrupt hypotension. This conclusion seems reasonable given that adenosine directly decreases small vessel tone and inhibits prejunctional release of norepinephrine.
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