Relationship between drinking and periodontitis: The Hisayama study

Yoshihiro Shimazaki, Toshiyuki Saito, Yutaka Kiyohara, Isao Kato, Michiaki Kubo, Mitsuo Iida, Yoshihisa Yamashita

研究成果: Article

42 引用 (Scopus)

抄録

Background: Although recent studies suggest a relationship between alcohol consumption and periodontal disease, the dose-response relationship between drinking and the severity of periodontitis is unclear. Methods: Alcohol consumption was evaluated using the frequency of drinking and the daily alcohol intake for 961 individuals aged 40 to 79 years. Periodontal status was evaluated using probing depth (PD) and clinical attachment loss (CAL). Results: Alcohol consumption was linearly associated with the extent of PD and CAL in univariate analyses (P<0.001). In multivariate logistic regression analyses, the subjects drinking 15 to 29.9 g alcohol per day (odds ratio [OR] = 2.7; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.1 to 6.6) or more than 30 g per day (OR = 2.5; 95% CI = 1.1 to 5.7) had a significantly higher risk of having more than 35% of their teeth with PD ≥4 mm than non-drinkers, independent of other confounding variables. No significant relationship between drinking and CAL was observed in the multivariate analysis. Conclusion: These results suggest that the effect of drinking on periodontal condition is limited to subjects with deep periodontal pockets associated with more than one-third of their teeth.

元の言語English
ページ(範囲)1534-1541
ページ数8
ジャーナルJournal of Periodontology
76
発行部数9
DOI
出版物ステータスPublished - 01-09-2005

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Periodontitis
Alcohol Drinking
Drinking
Tooth
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Periodontal Pocket
Confounding Factors (Epidemiology)
Periodontal Diseases
Multivariate Analysis
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Alcohols

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Periodontics

これを引用

Shimazaki, Y., Saito, T., Kiyohara, Y., Kato, I., Kubo, M., Iida, M., & Yamashita, Y. (2005). Relationship between drinking and periodontitis: The Hisayama study. Journal of Periodontology, 76(9), 1534-1541. https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.2005.76.9.1534
Shimazaki, Yoshihiro ; Saito, Toshiyuki ; Kiyohara, Yutaka ; Kato, Isao ; Kubo, Michiaki ; Iida, Mitsuo ; Yamashita, Yoshihisa. / Relationship between drinking and periodontitis : The Hisayama study. :: Journal of Periodontology. 2005 ; 巻 76, 番号 9. pp. 1534-1541.
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title = "Relationship between drinking and periodontitis: The Hisayama study",
abstract = "Background: Although recent studies suggest a relationship between alcohol consumption and periodontal disease, the dose-response relationship between drinking and the severity of periodontitis is unclear. Methods: Alcohol consumption was evaluated using the frequency of drinking and the daily alcohol intake for 961 individuals aged 40 to 79 years. Periodontal status was evaluated using probing depth (PD) and clinical attachment loss (CAL). Results: Alcohol consumption was linearly associated with the extent of PD and CAL in univariate analyses (P<0.001). In multivariate logistic regression analyses, the subjects drinking 15 to 29.9 g alcohol per day (odds ratio [OR] = 2.7; 95{\%} confidence interval [CI] = 1.1 to 6.6) or more than 30 g per day (OR = 2.5; 95{\%} CI = 1.1 to 5.7) had a significantly higher risk of having more than 35{\%} of their teeth with PD ≥4 mm than non-drinkers, independent of other confounding variables. No significant relationship between drinking and CAL was observed in the multivariate analysis. Conclusion: These results suggest that the effect of drinking on periodontal condition is limited to subjects with deep periodontal pockets associated with more than one-third of their teeth.",
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Shimazaki, Y, Saito, T, Kiyohara, Y, Kato, I, Kubo, M, Iida, M & Yamashita, Y 2005, 'Relationship between drinking and periodontitis: The Hisayama study', Journal of Periodontology, 巻. 76, 番号 9, pp. 1534-1541. https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.2005.76.9.1534

Relationship between drinking and periodontitis : The Hisayama study. / Shimazaki, Yoshihiro; Saito, Toshiyuki; Kiyohara, Yutaka; Kato, Isao; Kubo, Michiaki; Iida, Mitsuo; Yamashita, Yoshihisa.

:: Journal of Periodontology, 巻 76, 番号 9, 01.09.2005, p. 1534-1541.

研究成果: Article

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T1 - Relationship between drinking and periodontitis

T2 - The Hisayama study

AU - Shimazaki, Yoshihiro

AU - Saito, Toshiyuki

AU - Kiyohara, Yutaka

AU - Kato, Isao

AU - Kubo, Michiaki

AU - Iida, Mitsuo

AU - Yamashita, Yoshihisa

PY - 2005/9/1

Y1 - 2005/9/1

N2 - Background: Although recent studies suggest a relationship between alcohol consumption and periodontal disease, the dose-response relationship between drinking and the severity of periodontitis is unclear. Methods: Alcohol consumption was evaluated using the frequency of drinking and the daily alcohol intake for 961 individuals aged 40 to 79 years. Periodontal status was evaluated using probing depth (PD) and clinical attachment loss (CAL). Results: Alcohol consumption was linearly associated with the extent of PD and CAL in univariate analyses (P<0.001). In multivariate logistic regression analyses, the subjects drinking 15 to 29.9 g alcohol per day (odds ratio [OR] = 2.7; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.1 to 6.6) or more than 30 g per day (OR = 2.5; 95% CI = 1.1 to 5.7) had a significantly higher risk of having more than 35% of their teeth with PD ≥4 mm than non-drinkers, independent of other confounding variables. No significant relationship between drinking and CAL was observed in the multivariate analysis. Conclusion: These results suggest that the effect of drinking on periodontal condition is limited to subjects with deep periodontal pockets associated with more than one-third of their teeth.

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