Objective: To measure the occlusal force in the same group of patients with the Dental Prescale 50H type R and the Dental Prescale II, examine the association between them, and determine the reference value for Dental Prescale II that corresponds to the 50H type R 200 N reference value used to make a diagnosis of oral hypofunction. Background: Reduced occlusal force, a measure of frailty in older persons, was previously determined with Prescale 50H type R pressure-sensitive film, but it has been replaced by the Prescale II. Materials and methods: The study participants were 441 men and women aged ≥ 65 (mean, 71.8 ± 5.3) years. The occlusal force was measured with the two different types of pressure-sensitive film, and their association was examined. Receiver operating characteristic curves for the Prescale II measured values were created with the 200 N reference value used for the 50H type R film as the cut-off value. Results: The analysis set included 391 participants for whom measurements were obtained using both the 50H type R and the Prescale II. Linear regression analysis produced regression equations, and a ROC curve analysis provided reference values of 500 N for the Prescale II (without pressure filter) and 350 N for the Prescale II (with pressure filter). Conclusion: In occlusal force tests for making a diagnosis of oral hypofunction, reference values for the Prescale II (without pressure filter) and for the Prescale II (with pressure filter) were determined. The findings suggested that the Prescale II can be used as a diagnostic examination for oral hypofunction.
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