Relaxin-3-deficient mice showed slight alteration in anxiety-related behavior

Yoshihisa Watanabe, Atsushi Tsujimura, Keizo Takao, Kazunori Nishi, Yasuaki Ito, Yoshitaka Yasuhara, Yasuhito Nakatomi, Chihiro Yokoyama, Kenji Fukui, Tsuyoshi Miyakawa, Masaki Tanaka

研究成果: Article

44 引用 (Scopus)

抄録

Relaxin-3 is a neuropeptide belonging to the relaxin/insulin superfamily. Studies using rodents have revealed that relaxin-3 is predominantly expressed in neurons in the nucleus incertus (NI) of the pons, the axons of which project to forebrain regions including the hypothalamus. There is evidence that relaxin-3 is involved in several functions, including food intake and stress responses. In the present study, we generated relaxin-3 gene knockout (KO) mice and examined them using a range of behavioral tests of sensory/motor functions and emotion-related behaviors. The results revealed that relaxin-3 KO mice exhibited normal growth and appearance, and were generally indistinguishable from wild genotype littermates. There was no difference in bodyweight among genotypes until at least 28 weeks after birth. In addition, there were no significant differences between wild-type and KO mice in locomotor activity, social interaction, hot plate test performance, fear conditioning, depression-like behavior, and Y-maze test performance. However, in the elevated plus maze test, KO mice exhibited a robust increase in the tendency to enter open arms, although they exhibited normal performance in a light/dark transition test and showed no difference from wild-type mice in the time spent in central area in the open field test. On the other hand, a significant increase in the acoustic startle response was observed in KO mice. These results indicate that relaxin-3 is slightly involved in the anxiety-related behavior.

元の言語English
ジャーナルFrontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
発行部数AUGUST
DOI
出版物ステータスPublished - 01-08-2011

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Relaxin
Anxiety
Knockout Mice
Startle Reflex
Genotype
Gene Knockout Techniques
Raphe Nuclei
Pons
Locomotion
Interpersonal Relations
Prosencephalon
Neuropeptides
Acoustics
Hypothalamus
Fear
Axons
Rodentia
Emotions
Eating
Parturition

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

これを引用

Watanabe, Y., Tsujimura, A., Takao, K., Nishi, K., Ito, Y., Yasuhara, Y., ... Tanaka, M. (2011). Relaxin-3-deficient mice showed slight alteration in anxiety-related behavior. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, (AUGUST). https://doi.org/10.3389/fnbeh.2011.00050
Watanabe, Yoshihisa ; Tsujimura, Atsushi ; Takao, Keizo ; Nishi, Kazunori ; Ito, Yasuaki ; Yasuhara, Yoshitaka ; Nakatomi, Yasuhito ; Yokoyama, Chihiro ; Fukui, Kenji ; Miyakawa, Tsuyoshi ; Tanaka, Masaki. / Relaxin-3-deficient mice showed slight alteration in anxiety-related behavior. :: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience. 2011 ; 番号 AUGUST.
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abstract = "Relaxin-3 is a neuropeptide belonging to the relaxin/insulin superfamily. Studies using rodents have revealed that relaxin-3 is predominantly expressed in neurons in the nucleus incertus (NI) of the pons, the axons of which project to forebrain regions including the hypothalamus. There is evidence that relaxin-3 is involved in several functions, including food intake and stress responses. In the present study, we generated relaxin-3 gene knockout (KO) mice and examined them using a range of behavioral tests of sensory/motor functions and emotion-related behaviors. The results revealed that relaxin-3 KO mice exhibited normal growth and appearance, and were generally indistinguishable from wild genotype littermates. There was no difference in bodyweight among genotypes until at least 28 weeks after birth. In addition, there were no significant differences between wild-type and KO mice in locomotor activity, social interaction, hot plate test performance, fear conditioning, depression-like behavior, and Y-maze test performance. However, in the elevated plus maze test, KO mice exhibited a robust increase in the tendency to enter open arms, although they exhibited normal performance in a light/dark transition test and showed no difference from wild-type mice in the time spent in central area in the open field test. On the other hand, a significant increase in the acoustic startle response was observed in KO mice. These results indicate that relaxin-3 is slightly involved in the anxiety-related behavior.",
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Watanabe, Y, Tsujimura, A, Takao, K, Nishi, K, Ito, Y, Yasuhara, Y, Nakatomi, Y, Yokoyama, C, Fukui, K, Miyakawa, T & Tanaka, M 2011, 'Relaxin-3-deficient mice showed slight alteration in anxiety-related behavior', Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 番号 AUGUST. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnbeh.2011.00050

Relaxin-3-deficient mice showed slight alteration in anxiety-related behavior. / Watanabe, Yoshihisa; Tsujimura, Atsushi; Takao, Keizo; Nishi, Kazunori; Ito, Yasuaki; Yasuhara, Yoshitaka; Nakatomi, Yasuhito; Yokoyama, Chihiro; Fukui, Kenji; Miyakawa, Tsuyoshi; Tanaka, Masaki.

:: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 番号 AUGUST, 01.08.2011.

研究成果: Article

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AU - Watanabe, Yoshihisa

AU - Tsujimura, Atsushi

AU - Takao, Keizo

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AU - Ito, Yasuaki

AU - Yasuhara, Yoshitaka

AU - Nakatomi, Yasuhito

AU - Yokoyama, Chihiro

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AU - Miyakawa, Tsuyoshi

AU - Tanaka, Masaki

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